Photo Voltaic (PV)- Electricity Generation
Photo voltaics are a type of solar panel but used to generate electricity instead of the conventional solar panels used for heat water. A typical PV system consists of photo voltaic type solar panels mounted on a roof, ideally facing south.
A solar regulator, or charge controller, is used to regulate the flow of current [A] from the solar panel to the battery. Batteries must never be overcharged or they are damaged. When a battery has been fully charged the solar regulator will stop the flow of electricity to the battery. Solar regulators are rated by the amount of current they can receive from the solar panels.
The current captured is in DC but needs to be converted to AC in order to be compatible with your existing home system supplied by your electricity provider. This is done by passing the current through an inverter. An inverter is a device that takes the power from your DC battery source and through special technology boosts it to household AC electricity giving you the power to run appliances such as televisions, lights, computers, and power tools wherever you may be. Simply, an inverter increases your 12/24/48-volt battery power to 110/240 AC power.